SPM students improving in analysing questions
By Nadhirah Sofea Rashid
SPM students are performing better now with the implementation of the High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) since 2014.
Education director general Datuk Dr Amin Senin said the 2018 SPM results saw a marginal increase in the national grade point average by 0.01 to 4.89 as compared to 4.90 last year.
In 2015, it was 5.08 while it was 5.05 in 2016. The lower the national grade point, the better the results.
In announcing the SPM results today, he said the improvement was likely attributable to the inclusion of more questions using the HOTS format.
He said the results showed that 61.1% of the students were able to master the HOTS format.
“The thinking skills should always be nurtured in the candidates both in school and at home,” he added.
“Mastering HOTS is important to ensure that they are able to face challenges and also to compete at international level,” he added.
HOTS was introduced in the Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013-2015.
It was introduced to test the candidates' capability to apply knowledge in a new situation, to analyse, evaluate and innovate when answering their examination questions.
A total of 421,706 candidates nationwide sat for 2018 SPM.
Amin said 86.4% of the candidates were eligible to be awarded the SPM certificate.
A total of 2.2% or 8,436 candidates achieved excellent A +, A and A- grade grades for all subjects.
Followed by 19% or 74,360 candidates, earning at least grade C.
While 37.7% or 147,669 candidates passed, earning at least grade E for all subjects.
In addition, 63.5% or 248,569 candidates received at least five credits including Malay and History.
Amin also announced that 1.12% of the candidates failed all subjects.
Overall, the results are better compared to SPM 2017 even though the number of candidates obtaining straight A's decreased.